Frequently Asked Questions About Diabetes
Diabetes is a disease that affects millions of Indians every year.
Although there is no known cure for diabetes, several known treatments can
control this disease. The success of any diabetes treatment depends largely on
The body is made of millions of cells that need energy to function. The
food you eat is turned into sugar, called glucose. Sugar is carried to the cells
through the blood stream. It is one of many substances needed by cells to make
energy. For glucose to enter the cells, 2 conditions must be present. First, the
cells must have enough “doors,” called receptors. Second, a substance called
insulin is needed to “unlock the receptors.” Once these two conditions are
met, glucose enters the cell and is used by the cell to make energy. Without
energy, all cells die. Insulin is a chemical hormone, which is manufactured in
the pancreas. Insulin levels in the blood vary with the amount of glucose
present in the blood.
Diabetes is a disease that makes it difficult for the cells of the body to
get the glucose they need to make energy.
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