Frequently Asked Questions About Diabetes

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease that affects millions of Indians every year. Although there is no known cure for diabetes, several known treatments can control this disease. The success of any diabetes treatment depends largely on the patient.

The body is made of millions of cells that need energy to function. The food you eat is turned into sugar, called glucose. Sugar is carried to the cells through the blood stream. It is one of many substances needed by cells to make energy. For glucose to enter the cells, 2 conditions must be present. First, the cells must have enough “doors,” called receptors. Second, a substance called insulin is needed to “unlock the receptors.” Once these two conditions are met, glucose enters the cell and is used by the cell to make energy. Without energy, all cells die. Insulin is a chemical hormone, which is manufactured in the pancreas. Insulin levels in the blood vary with the amount of glucose present in the blood.

Diabetes is a disease that makes it difficult for the cells of the body to get the glucose they need to make energy.







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